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Postgraduate Specializations

Postgraduate Specializations after MBBS

Postgraduate Specializations after MBBS

As a candidate for the medical school exam, you face tough competition. But have you thought about your career options after completing your MBBS degree? Relying solely on your MBBS degree may not be enough to establish a successful practice or secure a position in a top hospital or research facility. To advance your career, you should consider pursuing postgraduate specializations offered by India’s top medical institutes. These specializations can help you stand out and excel in your field.

Why PG specialisation is important after MBBS?

Improve career prospects : After pursuing MBBS it is very important for the students to carry on studies to get specialization in a particular field. it will help to boost their career and will open the door to many opportunities.

Got your promotion and raise : When you are working somewhere without any specialization, then the higher authority doesn’t bother you. The management is always keen to draw maximum benefits from special skills that students will pursue after MBBS .so it is very important for students to pursue pg after MBBS.

Personality development : Pursuing a postgraduate Specializations degree can broaden your horizons and enhance your personal development. With exposure to a wider range of perspectives, you are better equipped to envision the bigger picture and develop more sophisticated solutions.

More financially stable : Having a postgraduate degree can significantly enhance your earning potential in the job market compared to having just a bachelor’s degree. Employers are likely to recognize the added value and depth of knowledge that comes with advanced education and may offer you more lucrative compensation packages.

PG Medical Entrance Exam :

Two types of the medical entrance after MBBS

National Eligibility Entrance Test for Post Graduate (NEET-PG):

To appear for NEET PG, the entrance exam for admission to postgraduate medical courses in India, you must:

  • Have completed MBBS from an MCI-recognized college.
  • no upper age limit.
  • Have completed one year of internship before the exam.

The exam pattern for NEET PG is as follows:

  • It is a computer-based test (CBT) with 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs).
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours.
  • The syllabus includes all 19 subjects studied during the MBBS course.
  • Each correct answer is worth 4 marks, while each wrong answer will result in one mark being deducted.

Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test (INI CET) :

To be eligible for INI-CET, the national-level entrance exam for admission to postgraduate Specializations medical courses in India, you must:

  • Have completed MBBS from an MCI-recognized institute.
  • Have completed one year of internship before the date of counselling.

The exam pattern for INI-CET is as follows:

  • It is a computer-based test (CBT) with 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs).
  • The syllabus covers topics from all subjects taught during the MBBS course.
  • The exam duration is 3 hours.
  • There are four sections – A (Basic Sciences), B (Clinical Sciences), C (Preclinical Sciences), and D (Paraclinical Sciences).

Read Also :

How to Choose PG specialization after MBBS?

State-Wise NEET PG Medical Seats in India

Route to pursue specialization after MBBS 

To become a doctor in India, you need to:

  • Score a minimum of 50% in Class XII with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology
  • Qualify for UG NEET exam .
  • Get admission to a medical college through counselling based on NEET rank
  • Complete MBBS degree, internship and housestaffship
  • Qualify for PG entrance exams
  • Secure admission to a master’s degree course based on ranking in counselling process. Specializations and institutes depend on ranking


To be eligible for postgraduate Specializations medical courses in India, you must have completed your MBBS/BDS/BVSc & AH degree, along with the compulsory internship and house staff ship, and hold a valid registration number. There is no age restriction to apply for these courses.

Types of specialization after MBBS

Here are the specializations after MBBS, divided into Medicine and Surgery categories, in bullet points:

Medicine specializations:

  • Radiology
  • General Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Anatomy
  • Anesthesiology
  • Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy
  • Respiratory Medicine
  • Sports Medicine
  • Tropical Medicine
  • Immunohematology and Blood
  • Transfusion
  • Infectious Diseases

Surgery specializations:

  • General Surgery
  • Orthopedics
  • Traumatology & Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Medical colleges that offer both MD and MS courses in India: (Through INI CET)

The following are some of the top institutions in India that offer postgraduate medical courses:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (multiple locations)
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (Chandigarh)
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (Bangalore)
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (Pondicherry)
  • Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (Trivandrum)
  • Central Institute of Psychiatry (Ranchi)

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